stm32h753 rtc resets after power down (vbat is connected)

Hello,

I am using a stm32h753 and stm32cubemx, and trying to run the RTC module on VBAT. To do this I have connected a battery to the MCU. RTC is connected to LSE. Next, I set the RTC in my code and then I disconnect the MCU from power source, and then reconnect it again. Based on the documentation, this should automatically switch the RTC power source from VDD to VBAT.

I have commented the MX_RTC_Init() in the startup, so that RTC is not reset when the MCU restart.

Below are the code for system clock config, RTC Init, and the code to read the RTC registers after reset.

void SystemClock_Config(void)
{
  RCC_OscInitTypeDef RCC_OscInitStruct = {0};
  RCC_ClkInitTypeDef RCC_ClkInitStruct = {0};
  RCC_PeriphCLKInitTypeDef PeriphClkInitStruct = {0};
 
  /** Supply configuration update enable 
  */
  HAL_PWREx_ConfigSupply(PWR_LDO_SUPPLY);
  /** Configure the main internal regulator output voltage 
  */
  __HAL_PWR_VOLTAGESCALING_CONFIG(PWR_REGULATOR_VOLTAGE_SCALE1);
 
  while(!__HAL_PWR_GET_FLAG(PWR_FLAG_VOSRDY)) {}
  /** Configure LSE Drive Capability 
  */
  HAL_PWR_EnableBkUpAccess();
  __HAL_RCC_LSEDRIVE_CONFIG(RCC_LSEDRIVE_LOW);
  /** Macro to configure the PLL clock source 
  */
  __HAL_RCC_PLL_PLLSOURCE_CONFIG(RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSE);
  /** Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_OscInitStruct.OscillatorType = RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_HSE|RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_LSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSEState = RCC_HSE_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.LSEState = RCC_LSE_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLState = RCC_PLL_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLSource = RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLM = 1;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLN = 84;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLP = 2;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLQ = 4;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLR = 2;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLRGE = RCC_PLL1VCIRANGE_3;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLVCOSEL = RCC_PLL1VCOWIDE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLFRACN = 0;
  if (HAL_RCC_OscConfig(&RCC_OscInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /** Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.ClockType = RCC_CLOCKTYPE_HCLK|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_SYSCLK
                              |RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK2
                              |RCC_CLOCKTYPE_D3PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_D1PCLK1;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKSource = RCC_SYSCLKSOURCE_PLLCLK;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKDivider = RCC_SYSCLK_DIV1;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.AHBCLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB3CLKDivider = RCC_APB3_DIV2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB1CLKDivider = RCC_APB1_DIV4;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB2CLKDivider = RCC_APB2_DIV4;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB4CLKDivider = RCC_APB4_DIV2;
 
  if (HAL_RCC_ClockConfig(&RCC_ClkInitStruct, FLASH_LATENCY_2) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PeriphClockSelection = RCC_PERIPHCLK_RTC|RCC_PERIPHCLK_USART3
                              |RCC_PERIPHCLK_SPI1|RCC_PERIPHCLK_SDMMC
                              |RCC_PERIPHCLK_ADC;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2M = 1;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2N = 25;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2P = 4;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2Q = 2;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2R = 2;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2RGE = RCC_PLL2VCIRANGE_3;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2VCOSEL = RCC_PLL2VCOMEDIUM;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.PLL2.PLL2FRACN = 0;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.SdmmcClockSelection = RCC_SDMMCCLKSOURCE_PLL;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.Spi123ClockSelection = RCC_SPI123CLKSOURCE_PLL;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.Usart234578ClockSelection = RCC_USART234578CLKSOURCE_D2PCLK1;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.AdcClockSelection = RCC_ADCCLKSOURCE_PLL2;
  PeriphClkInitStruct.RTCClockSelection = RCC_RTCCLKSOURCE_LSE;
  if (HAL_RCCEx_PeriphCLKConfig(&PeriphClkInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
}
 

static void MX_RTC_Init(void)
{
 
  /* USER CODE BEGIN RTC_Init 0 */
 
  /* USER CODE END RTC_Init 0 */
 
  RTC_TimeTypeDef sTime = {0};
  RTC_DateTypeDef sDate = {0};
  RTC_AlarmTypeDef sAlarm = {0};
 
  /* USER CODE BEGIN RTC_Init 1 */
 
  /* USER CODE END RTC_Init 1 */
  /** Initialize RTC Only 
  */
  hrtc.Instance = RTC;
  hrtc.Init.HourFormat = RTC_HOURFORMAT_24;
  hrtc.Init.AsynchPrediv = 127;
  hrtc.Init.SynchPrediv = 255;
  hrtc.Init.OutPut = RTC_OUTPUT_DISABLE;
  hrtc.Init.OutPutPolarity = RTC_OUTPUT_POLARITY_HIGH;
  hrtc.Init.OutPutType = RTC_OUTPUT_TYPE_OPENDRAIN;
  hrtc.Init.OutPutRemap = RTC_OUTPUT_REMAP_NONE;
  if (HAL_RTC_Init(&hrtc) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
 
  /* USER CODE BEGIN Check_RTC_BKUP */
    
  /* USER CODE END Check_RTC_BKUP */
 
  /** Initialize RTC and set the Time and Date 
  */
  sTime.Hours = 0x0;
  sTime.Minutes = 0x0;
  sTime.Seconds = 0x0;
  sTime.DayLightSaving = RTC_DAYLIGHTSAVING_NONE;
  sTime.StoreOperation = RTC_STOREOPERATION_RESET;
  if (HAL_RTC_SetTime(&hrtc, &sTime, RTC_FORMAT_BCD) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  sDate.WeekDay = RTC_WEEKDAY_MONDAY;
  sDate.Month = RTC_MONTH_JANUARY;
  sDate.Date = 0x1;
  sDate.Year = 0x0;
  if (HAL_RTC_SetDate(&hrtc, &sDate, RTC_FORMAT_BCD) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /** Enable the Alarm A 
  */
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.Hours = 0x0;
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.Minutes = 0x20;
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.Seconds = 0x0;
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.SubSeconds = 0x0;
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.DayLightSaving = RTC_DAYLIGHTSAVING_NONE;
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.StoreOperation = RTC_STOREOPERATION_RESET;
  sAlarm.AlarmMask = RTC_ALARMMASK_DATEWEEKDAY|RTC_ALARMMASK_HOURS;
  sAlarm.AlarmSubSecondMask = RTC_ALARMSUBSECONDMASK_ALL;
  sAlarm.AlarmDateWeekDaySel = RTC_ALARMDATEWEEKDAYSEL_DATE;
  sAlarm.AlarmDateWeekDay = 0x1;
  sAlarm.Alarm = RTC_ALARM_A;
  if (HAL_RTC_SetAlarm_IT(&hrtc, &sAlarm, RTC_FORMAT_BCD) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /** Enable the Alarm B 
  */
  sAlarm.AlarmTime.Minutes = 0x40;
  sAlarm.Alarm = RTC_ALARM_B;
  if (HAL_RTC_SetAlarm_IT(&hrtc, &sAlarm, RTC_FORMAT_BCD) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /* USER CODE BEGIN RTC_Init 2 */
 
  /* USER CODE END RTC_Init 2 */
 
}

HAL_RTC_GetTime(&hrtc, &sTime, RTC_FORMAT_BIN);
HAL_RTC_GetDate(&hrtc, &sDate, RTC_FORMAT_BIN);
 
float subSecondsFloat = (  255 - sTime.SubSeconds );
subSecondsFloat = (subSecondsFloat /255);
subSecondsFloat = (subSecondsFloat * 1000);
 
year       = (uint32_t) (sDate.Year);
month      = (uint32_t) (sDate.Month);
day        = (uint32_t) (sDate.Date);
 
hours      = (uint32_t) (sTime.Hours);
minutes    = (uint32_t) (sTime.Minutes);
seconds    = (uint32_t) (sTime.Seconds);
subseconds = (uint32_t) (subSecondsFloat);
 
sprintf(usartSendBuffer,"\n%lu,%lu,%lu,%lu,%lu,%lu,%lu\n", year,month,day,hours, minutes,seconds,subseconds);
 
printf(usartSendBuffer);

 When I disconnect the MCU from power source, and reconnect it to power source, the above code gives the following results (RTC register values) after a power reset:

159,10,9,32,51,51,4294967295

So the RTC is reset somewhere in the MCU reset. Considering that I have disabled the MX_RTC_Init(), I do not know where the RTC is reset.

sorry if the question is elementary, I am really new to this field. 

I greatly appreciate any help, thank you.

Best regards,

Vouria

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