How to solve: undefined reference to `__sync_synchronize'

I am trying to update the tool-chain for a bare metal embedded project. We are building on windows an up to now we have been using version 5.4.1 20160609 (release) [ARM/embedded-5-branch revision 237715].

Now I am trying version 9.3.1 20200408 (release) (9-2020-q2-update), but I have an issue with an undefined symbol while linking: __sync_synchronize is
reported as missing and I have no idea from which source this symbol should be resolved. Do I have to link a library that I am missing? Should I give different
flags to the compiler so that it generates the code for that function?

Below is a sample that compiles and links just fine with the old tool-chain, but fails with the new one. In both cases this command line was used:

arm-none-eabi-g++ -mthumb -specs=nosys.specs sample.cpp

The exact failure message is:
c:/projects/cpt_tools/gcc-arm-none-eabi/9.3.1/bin/../lib/gcc/arm-none-eabi/9.3.1/../../../../arm-none-eabi/bin/ld.exe: C:\Users\RMatano\AppData\Local\Temp\ccSZkMXN.o: in function `use_static_inst(int)':
synch.cpp:(.text+0xc): undefined reference to `__sync_synchronize'
collect2.exe: error: ld returned 1 exit status

Here is the content of sample.cpp:

// compile with 'arm-none-eabi-g++.exe -mthumb -specs=nosys.specs sample.cpp'
//
// result: in function `use_static_inst(int)':
// synch.cpp:(.text+0x18): undefined reference to `__sync_synchronize'

class A
{
int m_i;

public:

A(int i) : m_i(i)
{
}

int value(int x)
{
return m_i + x;
}
};


int use_static_inst(int x)
{
// for this ctor the compiler generates a call to __sync_synchronize
static A a(0);

return a.value(x);
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
return use_static_inst(argc);
}

Parents
  • BTW: There is no difference when I run my test on Linux:

    rmatano@GERD1330-devbox:~/gcc-arm-none-eabi-9-2020-q2-update/bin$ ./arm-none-eabi-g++ -mthumb -specs=nosys.specs sample.cpp
    /media/persistent_storage/home/rmatano/gcc-arm-none-eabi-9-2020-q2-update/bin/../lib/gcc/arm-none-eabi/9.3.1/../../../../arm-none-eabi/bin/ld: /tmp/ccltslyj.o: in function `use_static_inst(int)': />sample.cpp:(.text+0xc): undefined reference to `__sync_synchronize' collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Reply
  • BTW: There is no difference when I run my test on Linux:

    rmatano@GERD1330-devbox:~/gcc-arm-none-eabi-9-2020-q2-update/bin$ ./arm-none-eabi-g++ -mthumb -specs=nosys.specs sample.cpp
    /media/persistent_storage/home/rmatano/gcc-arm-none-eabi-9-2020-q2-update/bin/../lib/gcc/arm-none-eabi/9.3.1/../../../../arm-none-eabi/bin/ld: /tmp/ccltslyj.o: in function `use_static_inst(int)': />sample.cpp:(.text+0xc): undefined reference to `__sync_synchronize' collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
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